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Dr. Laura L. Runge
Office: CPR 301J
Phone: 813-974-9496

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ENL 6236:
Restoration Literature

Fall 2004
Time: Wednesday
3:00 - 5:50 pm
Room: CPR 351

  • Assignments
  • Related Sites
  • Paper Guidelines

    1. Course Description

      This course surveys British literature from 1660-1700 with a focus on poetic forms, drama and emerging prose fiction. The literature is tightly interwoven with the turbulent political and social history of the period, and so the class will also be learning about English society in the aftermath of the civil war and interregnum, the restoration and reign of the Stuart kings and the glorious or “bloodless” revolution. Other prominent themes include sex, gender, violence and religion. The literature draws heavily from three major figures: John Dryden; John Wilmot, the earl of Rochester, and Aphra Behn. Many other writers will be included. This is an appropriate course for students preparing for the master’s examination in Restoration and Eighteenth-century literature as well as graduate students pursuing an interest in early modern culture, poetry, drama, gender or British literature.


      This course is designed to meet the following objectives:

      to introduce students to the variety of styles, genres and themes of British literature and history 1660-1700, primarily through the works of three dominant figures: Dryden, Rochester and Behn;

      to identify and analyze themes of gender, class, race, nationality and party politics in this literature;

      to identify and analyze the ways in which authors from the Restoration constructed literary values and to put this into the context of discussions of literary transcendence and historical contingency;

      to familiarize students with the secondary resources on this literature and the strategies for doing research in Restoration literature;

      for students to prepare and present critical bibliographies on selected works from the syllabus and to organize discussions around the issues and problems represented therein;

      for students to demonstrate critical thinking and writing and research skills in a 5-10 page paper on performance or production of drama;

      for students to demonstrate a mastery of objectives 1-4 in a comprehensive examination.

    Required Texts

    (All assignments must be read in full before the date of discussion.)

    Restoration Plays, ed. Brice Harris, McGraw-Hill, 1966 ISBN 0 07 553658 7

    An Anthology of Seventeenth-Century Fiction, ed. Paul Salzman. Oxford UP 2001 corrected edition, ISBN 0192839551

    Female Playwrights of the Restoration: Five Comedies, ed. Paddy Lyons, et al, Tuttle, 1994 ISBN 0460874276

    Aphra Behn. Oroonoko, The Rover and Other Works, ed. Janet Todd, Penguin, 1993 ISBN 0140433384

    Hammond, Paul. Restoration Literature: An Anthology, Oxford UP, 2002 ISBN 0 19 283331 6

    Recommended Texts:

    Early Modern Women’s Writing: An Anthology, 1560-1700, ed. Paul Salzman, Oxford, Oxford UP, 2000 ISBN 0585369844 (avail. as e-book through Virtual Library)

    John Dryden, The Major Works, ed. Keith Walker, Oxford 2003, ISBN 0192840770

    Lord Rochester, ed. Paddy Lyons, Tuttle, 1997, ISBN 0460878190

    Fisk, Deborah C Payne (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to English Restoration Theatre (Cambridge 2000) (On Reserve PR 691.C35 2000).

    Zwicker, Steven N. (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to English Literature 1650-1740 (Cambridge 1998)

    Electronic Media

    This class will be interacting with the Blackboard website for ENL6236.002F04, to be located on your MY USF website. To register and log in, visit .

    You will find the discussion board for your weekly informal postings on this Blackboard site, and I will also post assignments, messages and further information about the class on this site. CHECK IT DAILY!


    Notes, discussion questions and more detailed reading assignments will be posted to the website for each class; to access these, click on the date on the syllabus. There will be additional critical reading assigned for each class.

    In addition to the scheduled readings, students should familiarize themselves with a general sense of the history of the period by selecting works from the class bibliography and reserve reading list. For general history, the Pelican series on Stuart England is good. Also browse through the biographies of Dryden, Rochester and Behn on reserve. Johnson’s Life of Dryden also available online at Samuel Johnson's Lives of the Poets is a particularly good source on the laureate’s life and works and how they were received in the eighteenth century; it ought to be read early on in the semester.

    Aug. 25: Introductions

    Sept. 1: Political Ends of Poetry

      Hammond, Intro and pp. 3-38 (Excerpts from Clarendon, Pepys, Evelyn on the Restoration); also Dryden’s Astrea Redux; excerpts from Marvell’s Last Instructions and Rochester’s Satire on Charles II.
      Post 1

    Sept. 8: Political Ends of Poetry
      Hammond, pp. 38-73 (including Dryden’s Absalom and Achitophel)
      Behn: A Pindaric Poem to the Reverend Bishop Burnet (Todd 347-350)
      Post 2

    Sept. 15:Gender, Sex and Marriage:
      The Querelle des Femme (Reserve reading)
      Post 3

    Sept. 22: Drama: Introduction, Heroic Tragedy, Mock-Heroic
      Dryden: Conquest of Granada Part 1 (in Works on reserve)
      Buckingham: The Rehearsal (Harris 3-57)
      Post 4

      Presentation: Sasha

    Sept. 29: Drama: Tragedy and Tragicomedy
      Dryden: All for Love including preface (Harris, 245-334)
      Otway: Venice Preserv’d (Harris 335-413)
      Behn: The Widow Ranter (Todd, 249-325)
      Post 5

      Presentation: Pam and Nicole

    Oct. 6: Drama: Comedies 1670s
      Wycherley: The Country Wife (Harris 59-154)
      Etherege: The Man of Mode (Harris 155-244)
      Behn: The Rover Part 1 (Todd, 155-248)
      Post 6

      Presentation: CR and Cameron

    Oct. 13: Drama: Comedy of the late Restoration
      Behn: The Lucky Chance including preface (on Reserve, The Other Eighteenth Century, 62-137)
      Ariadne: She Ventures and He Wins (Lyons & Morgan 103-160)
      Congreve: The Way of the World (Harris 515-596)
      Post 7

      Presentation: Lee and Liz

    Oct. 20: Drama: Female Wits
      Pix: The Beau Defeated (Lyons & Morgan 161-234)
      Centlivre: The Basset Table and The Busybody (Lyons & Morgan 235-363)
      Post 8

      Presentation: Catherine and Crystal

    Oct. 27: Literary Values – Poetry
      Dryden: MacFlecknoe (Hammond 200)
      Rochester: Session of the Poets (Lyons 54) and Allusion to Horace (Hammond 178)
      Behn: Epilogue to Sir Patient Fancy (Todd 329) and To Mr. Creech (Todd 335)
      Post 9

      Bibliography: Nicole and Sasha

    Nov. 3: Literary Values – Prose
      Dryden: Essay on Dramatic Poesy (entire work in Walker edition); Heads of an Answer to Rymer; Preface to Fables (see Walker); Also Hammond pp. 189-196.
      Post 10

      Bibliography: Cameron

    Nov. 10: Amorous Lyrics
      Rochester in Hammond (250-260)
      Behn: Love Armed (Todd 329), The Disappointment (Todd 331), Song (Todd 342), To the Fair Clarinda (Todd 343), On Desire (Todd 344)
      Other selections in Hammond 233-247
      Post 11

      Bibliography: Catherine and CR

    Nov. 17: Panegyric/Elegy/ Satire
      Dryden: To My Honoured Kinsman (Hammond 161-166), To the Memory of Mr. Oldham (Hammond 177-8); An Ode on the Death of Mr. Henry Purcell (See Walker)
      Rochester: Upon Nothing (Hammond 378) and Satire Against Reason and Mankind (Hammond 371)
      Post 12

      Bibliography: Pam

    Nov. 24: Early Novel –
      Behn: The Fair Jilt (Todd 27-72); Oroonoko (Todd 73-142); The Unfortunate Happy Lady (Salzman)
      Post 13

      Bibliography: Lee

    Dec. 1: Early Novel
      Dangerfield: Don Tomazo (Salzman)
      Congreve: Incognita, including preface (Salzman)

      Bibliography: Crystal

    Graded Assignments (200 points total)

    Weekly posts (14) 45 points
    Critical bibliography and Student led discussions (2) 45 points
    5-10 page research paper on theatre 45 points
    Final examination (due TBA) 45 points
    Attendance, participation 20 points

    This syllabus is subject to change.

    ** Students who anticipate the necessity of being absent from class due to a major religious observance must provide notice of the date(s) to the instructor, in writing, by the second class meeting.

    Description of Graded Assignments

      Weekly Posts:

      For general description and specific requirements of this assignment, see my webpage on weekly posts. For each class, I will post a series of discussion questions and related information about the day’s reading. From this list, you can choose a question to focus your writing. Also, try to incorporate the ideas and observations made in other posts by your classmates. It is also your responsibility to read the posts (and print them out if necessary) before class, so that we can use these ideas as the starting point for our class discussion.

      Critical Bibliography and Student Led Discussions:

      With the exception of classes on 9/1 and 9/15 and the five classes on Restoration Drama (9/22-10/20) each class will be initiated and focused by at least one student presenter. The anchor of the student presentation will be a formal annotated bibliography on the critical materials related to all or part of the day’s assigned reading. This should be photocopied or posted to the Blackboard site for everyone to share. This critical bibliography should present at least 10 items in separate entries in alphabetical order by author. The annotations should cover a full description (if you are using only part of a reference, make clear how it fits into the whole) and an assessment of its strengths and weaknesses. Also summarize the key points that you have gleaned from it.

      Students will sign up for specific classes during our second class meeting. Your research on this critical bibliography should begin as soon as you identify your date and topic. You should begin by checking the references listed in the course bibliography, but you also should use the list of library references I have provided in my list of “Eighteenth-century Reference and Research” This includes both online sources and indexes and materials housed in the reference section of the library. Call numbers are provided.

      For class discussion, please summarize the major secondary works, critical issues and problems that you encountered in the research, and tie these to discussion questions on the material for class. Your presentation of the bibliography should last between 10 and 15 minutes, but discussion can be shared among the class members after this point.

      You will be graded on the coverage of research materials, the pertinence of the items presented, the formal presentation of the bibliography (MLA standards and clear, concise and correct writing), the range and relevance of discussion questions you provide. If you have questions at any point on the preparation of these materials, please contact me or raise them in class.

      Research Paper on Theatre

      During the five weeks we spend on Restoration theatre, students should be involved in research on various aspects of the field. In particular, I would like students to choose a play and some aspect of performance or production on which to report. These papers will be read to the class as one would present a conference paper on the day for which the play is assigned. (Consequently, we will have two or three presenters each class). While these papers need to be based in research and documented appropriately, they do not necessarily have to involve original interpretation of the text. There is a substantial body of reference material available for the study of production and performance in Restoration theatre, and you should begin your research by investigating the works listed on the course bibliography for drama . In particular you should consult The London Stage (on reserve and available as an e-book, see part I) and the Biographical Dictionary . . . of Stage Personnel in London 1660-1800 (16 vols. in reference PN2597.H5 and as an e-book). Please follow rules for MLA documentation and style. Also, see my own guidelines for formal writing.

      Final Examination

      Throughout the course we will identify issues and questions that will serve as good master’s level questions in preparation for the general exam. The final examination for this class will be a comprehensive essay test in which the students should demonstrate an understanding of the literature, history and social issues; skills of critical analysis and an awareness of critical issues.

      Attendance and Participation

      See class policies.

    Related Sites


    • Jim May's Bibliographies -- C18-L This selective checklist, partially annotated, enumerates printed sources for studying the period 1660-1820 published since 1988. It combines the lists of bibliographic tools compiled by Jim May for the September 1998, January 1999, and May 1999 issues of the East-Central Intelligencer, the newsletter-journal I edit for the East-Central American Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies.

    • 18C Bibliographies on-line Maintained by Jack Lynch, one of the many excellent on-line resources on general studies in eighteenth-century scholarship.

    • Centre for Eighteenth Century Studies Online Research Resources Maintained by the University of YOrk, this site provides links to relevant catalogues, bibliographies, databases, general 18thC resources,projects, institutions and societies, e-journals and e-texts archives, as well as a list of sites organized according to research interests

    • A Preface to Eighteenth Century Poetry Classic scholarship by James Sutherland, on line. First published in 1948, this work is now published by "Smartboard."

    • The Art of English Poetry by Edward Bysshe. This work, now online through the University of Virginia, was a popular poetry handbook in the eighteenth century. Its contents reveal what eighteenth-century reading audiences perceived to be standard tastes in poetry.

    • The Age of Dryden. Another classic scholarly text online, this site -- run by -- offers volume viii in the Cambridge History of English and American literature, Edited by A. W. Ward & A. R. Waller.

    Websites dedicated to Restoration subjects

    • The World of London Theatre Patricia Craddock (U Florida) with the help of her graduate students authored this site on The World of London Theatre 1660-1800. While some links offer better information than others, it is an inspired site that provides excellent pictures to give a feel for the theatre world.

    • Thumbprints of Ephelia, hosted by ReSoundings and written by Maureen Mulvihill, Ph.D., this site offers extensive background and argument for the identification of the pseudonymous female poet of the Restoration court, Ephelia. A fascinating case of literary detective work. Includes a sound file with a contemporary recording of one of Ephelia's songs.

    • Voice of the Shuttle -- phenomenal web resource serving as a central location and interface for web information on literature. This link will take you to resources on Restoration literature.

      Note: there are many websites on individual authors. Use your discretion in choosing sites for your research. Generally, websites should be used for bibliographical or pictorial information, and you should continue to use print sources for other sources of information. (This, of course, does not refer to peer-reviewed web journals or databases that store journal articles.)

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