Dr. Laura L. Runge Office: CPR 301J/ 813-974-9496
Spring 2005 email: email@example.com
LIB 620A Tuesday 3-5:50 PM
References: Primary Period and National Bibliographies
Our readings for today get to the heart of textual criticism and the many vagaries in critical editing. Where you once took for granted the “text,” we now have a myriad of questions about how the text comes to us and what decisions need to be made before it can exist. The references listed below are important to know about, particularly if you are interested in textual history. I have borrowed from Dr. Tyson in my notes on the references for this week. There are many points for discussion of the Greetham text, and one of those questions may inspire your post for this week. The readings will also help you appreciate the findings in our comparison of editions. This activity will take up the second part of our class.
Choose a favorite work and bring to class two different editions of the work. In preparation for the class, identify the following things for each edition:
Title, Author, Editor, Editor’s credentials, Place of publication, Publisher, Date(s) of publication (complete with reprints), total number of pages, indication of illustrations or maps. List the table of contents, describing any extra-textual materials (introductions, prefaces, bibliographies, appendixes, annotation, etc.). Most important, record the source text(s) for the edition and all relevant publication information.
After examining and recording these details, write a summary statement of the differences.
Look up the following national bibliographies in Harner. Choose one or two of them to detail for your notes and discuss in class. Try to choose from a field that interests you and one that you know little about. Also examine the last two listed. I will provide sufficient commentary on them here.
A Manual of the Writings in Middle English, 1050-1500 (1967-98) (Also provides secondary bibliography)
A Bibliography of the English Printed Drama to the Restoration (1939-59; rpt. 1962)
Short-Title Catalogue of Books Printed in England . . . 1475-1640 (2nd ed. 1976-91)
Short-Title Catalogue of Books Printed in England . . . 1641-1700 (Vol.1 2nd ed 1994; Vols. 2 & 3 rev. ed. 1972; Vol. 4 2nd ed. 1998)
We have already examined the Online English Short Title Catalogue, which covers the eighteenth century.
Nineteenth-Century Short Title Catalogue (1984-). REF – Annex/Z/2001/.N65/1984. Now apparently part of the CURL Union Catalogue, available online through Eureka Gateway of USF Library.
XIX Century Fiction: A Bibliographical Record … (1951)
American Bibliography … (1903-59; in various reprints; supp. 1970)
REF--- Annex/Z/1215/.E9+ and .S5+
Continued as American Imprints.
Bibliotheca Americana (1868-1936) (Note: There is another, unofficial title on the spine.) With Molnar’s Author-Title Index (1974)
REF – Annex/Z/1201/S2 & S222)
Note: The “New Sabin” on the shelf below (green volumes), supplements but does not supersede the old Sabin! (See Sabin entry in Harner.)
Bibliography of American Literature (1955-) (Provides some secondary bibliography as well.)
REF – Annex/Z/1225/.B55
Now available online through Chadwyck. Note the differences, however. Why might the print version retain its usefulness?
Please examine these last two references, which occupy many shelves in the library. They are rich in history and invaluable information.
National Union Catalog: Pre-1956 Imprints, and (note) Cumulative Author Lists:
Pre-’56: REF – Annex /Z881/A1/A2
CAL: REF – Annex/Z881/A1/L63 (1942-9162, Z881/A1/U372/1963-1982, & Microfiche, 1983
What online databases/indexes are related to this reference?
The first massive set (685 volumes, along with nearly 70 more volumes in the supplementary series) lists the holdings of the Library of Congress and other major U.S. research libraries to the year 1956, via photocopy of their own catalog cards. This is a “National” catalog because the Library of Congress receives copies of all new books with U.S. copyrights. It is also a “Union” catalog because it reflects the holdings of other U.S. libraries as well. Copies listed are not the only ones held by participating libraries; some libraries did not submit a card if another institution had already listed the book. (For a first-hand glimpse into the production, see the notes by a disgruntled cataloger in Vol. 671 under the entry for James Wolveridge’s Speculum Matricis!)
The “Cumulative Author Lists,” shelved just after the main set, continue the NUC records with post-1956 imprints. Instead of the first quinquennial cumulation (1958-1962) USF has retained an older, overlapping set dated 1942-1962. Our Tampa library has all subsequent Cumulative Author Lists (1963-), although there have been no five-year cumulations since 1972-77, and owing to federal budget cuts, listings have been available only on microfiche since 1982. (Furthermore, owing to state budget cuts, as of 1993 USF ceased purchasing the microfiche.)
Scholars find the hardbound NUC indispensable as the ultimate authority for bibliographic research. Its interlibrary loan function, however, has been taken over by OCLC (Online Computer Library Center), and other databases accessing the holdings of major U.S. research libraries.)
(supps. 1956-65, 1966-70, and 1971-75) & (on CD-ROM): British Library General Catalogue of Printed Books to 1975
What online databases/indexes are related to the reference?
The hardbound BMC is characterized as ‘formidable in size and inimitable in fragrance” – Margaret Patterson, Literary Research Guide (New York: MLA, 1984), 12. This catalog is an important complement to the NUC, particularly for research on British or Continental subjects. Many publications listed here – especially early ones – are not in the Library of Congress.
The CD-ROM database version listed above (also referred to as the British Library Union Catalog) stores a 360-volume cumulation of the main set with its three supplements to 1975. You can print out your search results or download to your own floppy disk. As with the NUC, the BMC database loses much of the bibliographic interest of the hardbound listings. (A fourth hardbound supplement not incorporated in the CD-ROM brings the BMC records up through 1989, but this is not held at USF.)
II. Discussion Questions on Greetham Chaps. 7-9
Chapter 7 – Evaluating the Text
What does Greetham mean by “textual bibliography” and how does this differ from other uses of the term? (272)
Discuss the Vinaver model for scribal copying and its potential for errors. How might this apply to the practice of quotation and note-taking? (280)
What are some of the ways to explain variant spellings and capitalizations in early books (284).
In editing, why is it necessary to collate more than one copy of the same book? (288).
What is the principle of universal variation (Greg) and what does that mean for the literary / textual critic? (289)
What are some of Jerome McGann’s “bibliographical codes”? (292) (338-end)
What are some of the implications for materialist textual criticism? Use a well-known text for your example. (294)
Chapter 8 – Criticizing the Text: Textual Criticism
“As Eugène Vinaver, the noted editor of Malory’s Morte Darthur put it, textual criticism is founded upon a ‘mistrust of texts’ (352), and it is this mistrust that motivates the act of editing” (296). Explain.
What two fundamental principles of genealogical or stemmatic analysis derive from Politian (1454-94)? (309)
Why is Joseph Justus Scaliger important? (313) And what are the dominant trends in textual criticism that follow him?
What are the three stages of Lachmann’s textual theory? (323)
Know the names and the contributions of the following analytical bibliographers: Greg, Bowers and Gaskell (333-5).
What is the dominant mode of Anglo-American textual criticism in the late 20th century? (335)
What is the debate about intention or final intention in recent arguments on textual authority? (337-)
Discuss: “There has thus been a new acknowledgment that textual criticism is not merely a dry, mechanical, tedious investigation of physical fact but, like all other intellectual activities, operates under various theoretical persuasions, which may changes from time to time” (342).
Chapter 9 – Editing the Text: Scholarly Editing
Describe the various types of editions available and their characteristics. Examine the appendix for examples.
What are some of the theoretical decisions an editor must make before beginning an edition? What are some of the practical decisions? (352+)
What possibilities does hypertext offer the future of scholarly editing? (357)