Dr. Laura L. Runge Office: CPR 301J/ 813-974-9496
Spring 2005 email: firstname.lastname@example.org
LIB 620A Tuesday 3-5:50 PM
Mar. 26 Altick, Chs. 6 & 7, Gibaldi, Ch. 2, appropriate Harner
References: Periodicals (inc. Periodical Contents Index, OCLC Union List of Periodicals, Ulrich's International Periodical Directory, MLA Directory of Periodicals)
The readings for this week offer counsel, guidance and words of wisdom. I find the chapter on note-taking in Altick restrictive, although it does offer some very important guidelines and rules of thumb. Take Altick for what it’s worth, but feel free to offer criticism and evaluation of his methods and suggestions on style. Perhaps the most interesting reading this week will be in Gibaldi, which covers a host of legal issues in scholarship, a burgeoning world of litigation! In here you will find out that your writing may have serious consequences.
While you may not use 3x5 cards, the importance of taking precise bibliographic information for EVERY source you look at cannot be over emphasized. I cannot tell you how often I have longed for the resource I didn’t take down, or how many times I have had to retrace my research footsteps to collect the bibliographic information for a piece I used. Take it down immediately, completely and in a secure place for easy referencing. You won’t regret it.
I also have to underscore the advice on 207 to include a description of the work you have cited. You will forget what the reference contains; keep a handy summary attached to your bibliographic entry.
One of the problems with Altick’s method of note-taking (208) is that you need to know beforehand what you will be looking for in a reference. Why is this problematic? What might be a better way to take notes?
Learn these and hold them dear: “In transcribing anyone else’s words, one precaution is absolutely requisite: enclose every phrase or sentence you copy in quotation marks, to remind you that you have borrowed it and thus must retain the quotes if it appears, unaltered, in your finished product. Failure to do so often results in embarrassment, if nothing worse” (210).
“Recognizing the vicissitudes a quotation can undergo in successive drafts of a manuscript, most scholars as a matter of routine compare the version in their final draft with the original sources” (210).
“A cardinal rule of scholarship requires that quotations be made from the source that is closest to the author – the book in which the passage first appeared or, in the case of manuscripts that are themselves unavailable, the most authoritative printed text” (212).
Under what circumstances is it okay to say “as quoted by” in your citations???
What are the main principles of writing according to Altick and Fenstermaker?
What are your thoughts on the use of “jargon” or “crit-speak” in your writing?
Thoughts on revision: “Rethinking calls for rearrangement, and rearrangement means rewriting: perhaps a paragraph here, a whole page there – or the whole article or chapter. But one can find a positive gain in necessity. For if the process of writing is in part destructive, exposing as it does the flaws of one’s thinking, it can also be creative, because by forcing reconsideration of what has been said, it sharpen insight into the means of one’s material, suggests new sources of data, perhaps make sit possible to extend the argument a further step” (229).
I have found this to be immensely valuable and true in my writing experience.
By the way, what do you think about the use of the first-person in literary criticism? (237)
Pages 242-244 contain some very good bits of advice on writing and publishing. What do you find most helpful? What do you learn from this?
Gibaldi Chapter 2 – Legal Issues
This chapter provides very important – if a bit dry – information regarding copyright, contracts, and actionable offenses such as defamation.
Copyright is a fundamental issue in publication, but you may not be aware of what it does. How does Gibaldi’s information aid your understanding of copyright?
What do you think about universities that attempt to claim faculty publications/research as works for hire? (37)
What are the terms of copyright? (38)
The concept of fair use may be familiar to you if you have tried to copy materials for class distribution (if not, it should be). What are the guidelines for fair use? (43-4). What is the point of fair use stipulations? What is your response to fair use?
Consider the premise that ideas are free to use but the expression of ideas is protected. (44 and other)
Requesting permission will be a reality in your researching/writing career. What does this involve? Take a look at the letter requesting permission on page 31-32.
“Plagiarism brings a moral stigma and penalties in institutions, but it is legally punishable only to the extent that it qualifies as copyright infringement” (46). Comment.
When did the United States join an multinational copyright convention and adopt the symbol © ?
What are moral rights of authorship? Why might the US not recognize these? (47)
What principles should we abide by in dealing with copyright issues and internet distribution? (48)
Review the section on book contracts. Based on my experience, this is right on target. What surprises you about this section? What do you have to watch out for? Note sections on “competing publications” and “option.”
Defamation “is a published false statement of fact about a living person that exposes the person to public hatred, ridicule, contempt, or disgrace, induces an evil opinion of the person in the minds of others, or deprives the person of friendly relations in society” (53). What is the difference between libel and slander? What are the potential problem areas for a scholar? How is opinion different from defamation? What do you think of the advice given on page 55? Note that defamation is adjudicated under state law.
Given our previous discussion of privacy, how does the legal definitions or guidelines protecting privacy aid your understanding of the limits of scholarship? (58)
Continue to complete essential source data information for these references. As always, please be considerate of others in the class: return books to their proper places on the shelves, and work as near as possible to that location. Do not remove the books from the reference area!!!
Periodicals Contents Index database
Periodicals Contents Index (PCI) is an electronic index to millions of articles published in 4,698 periodicals in the humanities and social sciences. PCI is unique in combining a broad subject base with deep chronological coverage going back over 200 years. It covers 37 key subject areas in the humanities and social sciences and offers vast variety within these subject areas. PCI currently indexes 15.1 million articles since the eighteenth century and every article in each journal is indexed. Also connected to PCI Full Text, which is akin to JSTOR.
OCLC Union List of Periodicals database (in First Search)
This is the online equivalent (since 1980) of the Library of Congress’s open-ended New Serial Titles (Harner 640)(see below), much as the OCLC’s WorldCat is to the LC’s hardbound National Union Catalog
Ulrich’s International Periodicals Directory – yet another database gone to commercial website. See http://www.ulrichsweb.com/ulrichsweb/
FYI: the most recent hardcopy version, published by Bowker in five volumes, is Ulrich’s 39th ed. (REF[or PER] /Z/6941/.U4/2001).
Part of the MLA International Bibliography online through Literature Resource Center. The 1999 hardbound volume accessible at REF/PB/6.M252/1999 was the last print version MLA intends to release. This resource is useful to scholars in determining whether the MLAIB indexes the periodicals they need, and indispensable in identifying appropriate journals for manuscript submission. Enter MLAIB and go to the advanced-search screen. You will be given the option whether to search the International bibliography or the Periodicals Index.