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Dr. Laura L. Runge
Office: CPR 301J
Phone: 813-974-9496
Office hours: F 06
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ENL 3230
British Literature 1616-1780


Class 17


    Class Objectives:

  • To hear any student recitations
  • To introduce the historical era of the eighteenth century
  • To discuss the third paper: historical annotation
  • To begin analyzing the couplet form

    There are no posts for today, but you are still responsible for the reading. Also, if you are planning to do a recitation for your second paper project, please send me an email before class.


    See Alexander Pope's Essay on Criticism

    The Couplet:

    couplet form -- two lines, generally iambic pentameter, with end rhymes; given to a structural balance or antithesis of ideas and sounds

    caesura -- or the pause in a line of poetry

    balance -- an effect of evenness or a structure of parts which offset one another on each side of a pause in a line of poetry

    antithesis -- an effect of contrast between balanced parts of speech or ideas -- balancing one term against another.

    "true antithetical structure demands not only that there be an opposition of idea, but that the oppostion in different parts be manifested through similar grammatical structure" (Holman and Harmon)

    Zeugma (yoking); a version of which is syllepsis -- taking counsel or tea; transitive verb or preposition takes more than one object

    Metonymy -- substitution of the name of an object closely related to the object itself: mask for woman at the theatre, "Garters, Stars and Coronets" for members of the nobility (continuous association from whole to part)

    Synecdoche -- a trope that substitutes a part for whole; arms for soldiers


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